Instructional methodologies

When preparing an effective presentation using UDI principles and strategies, it is always important to consider a variety of delivery methods that allow multi-modal learning. Faculty members should take care to consider the following elements when preparing presentations:

  • Prior to your presentation, assure that your presentation plans are clearly outlined so that participants have time to request reasonable academic accommodations as required.
  • At the beginning of your presentation, briefly describe your agenda/plan to let the audience know what to expect and to provide a framework.
  • Arrange content logically and in order of importance.
  • Use plain language that is to the point and avoid jargon.
  • Provide presentation notes (available in alternative formats on request) so that audience members can refer to them during the presentation and ASL-English interpreters and real-time captionists can use them to become familiar with the material.
  • Ensure that the physical setup of the room allows for easy movement for persons using wheelchairs and guide dogs, provides space for ASL-English interpreters or real-time captionists, and is adequately lighted for the audience to take notes and for interpreters and captionists to be seen.

Strategies Employed by Universal Design for Instruction for Different Methods of Instruction

Methods of instruction Strategies

Lecture
  • Create and post detailed notes on an accessible website.
  • Provide periodic breaks during long sessions.
  • Allow time for questioning and clarification throughout presentations.

Group Work
  • Design group roles to ensure that individual differences are naturally mediated through distribution of responsibilities.
  • Minimize the amount of printed materials and ensure accessible formats when necessary.
  • Design physical space to minimize noise level and distraction.

PowerPoint/Overheads
  • Create slides with a solid background (e.g., white text on black background).
  • Use at least a 24-point-size font (e.g., Arial, Times New Roman).
  • Describe slides orally.
  • Limit the number of slides.
    Allow adequate time for the audience to read each slide.
  • Use software to create accessible PowerPoint slides and post them to an accessible website.

Videos/Films
  • Ensure videos are captioned.
  • Prepare a disc of descriptive narration or text transcript.

Written Exercises
  • Present written exercises as group work, or allow for the use of assistive technology, reader, scribe, or a dictated response.
  • Use at least an 18-point size font on a black background using simple, intuitive language.

Activities
  • Carefully plan and consider the value of activity with respect to the wide range of issues and individual differences of participants.
  • Consider options to accomplish the same goals.
  • If you choose to use an activity, ensure that your plan allows for ease of movement and communication, and practice variations of the activity with users to evaluate inclusiveness.

Discussions
  • Provide options for participation, such as summarizing key points.
  • Consider options to accomplish the same goals.
  • Design seating arrangements that provide face-to-face contact for all participants.
  • Ensure an appropriate acoustic environment. [1]

[1] Reprinted by permission from Universal Design for Inclusive Lectures and Presentations (AHEAD).

Universal Design


Last reviewed shim1/19/2015 11:35:25 AM